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Document Type: Artigo
Title: Organic and mineral fertilization and chemical composition of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) essential oil
Authors: Sodré, Ana Carolina Borges
Luz, José Magno Queiroz
Haber, Lenita Lima
Marques, Marcia Ortiz Mayo
Rodrigues, Carlos Ribeiro
Blank, Arie Fitzgerald
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Abstract: Melissa officinalis L., Lamiaceae, is an herb with great growth prospects in the cosmetic industry due to its essential oil. In order to improve its production, it is necessary to study related agricultural practices. This study evaluated the effect of organic and mineral fertilization on the chemical composition of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) essential oil. The assay was conducted at the "Fazenda Experimental do Glória" of the Federal University of Uberlândia, and essential oil extraction and GC/MS analyses were completed by the Centre for Research and Development on Plant Genetic Resources of the Campinas Agronomic Institute. The assay was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The tested treatments were six types of fertilization (0, 1, 2, 4, 8 kg.m-2 of cattle manure and mineral fertilizing with 60 g.m-2 of NPK 4-14-8 + 4 g.m-2 of boric acid) with four replications. The essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation in a modified Clevenger apparatus. The chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. The essential oil presented the same compounds for all treatments; however, the relative proportion of some chemical constituents was altered according to the treatment. Neral, geranial, and citronellal were the major constituents.
Keywords: Essential oil
Organic fertilizer
Medicinal Plants
Aromatic plants
Melissa officinalis
Mineral fertilizer
Óleos essenciais
Plantas medicinais
Plantas aromáticas
ISSN: 0102-695X
Publisher / Institution : Universidade Federal do Paraná, Laboratório de Farmacognosia
Citation: SODRÉ, A. C. B. et al. Organic and mineral fertilization and chemical composition of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) essential oil. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, Curitiba, v. 22, n. 1, jan./fev. 2012. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 08 jan. 2016.
License: Creative Commons Attribution License
Appears in Collections:DEA - Artigos de periódicos

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